Tharu are the ethnic indigenous communities from the southern foothills and inner Terai of Nepal. They have a very rich and diverse food culture. The food culture and cuisine vary according to the regions they live in. The food culture is largely characterized by the fertile flooded plains, forests, and environment they live in. Rice is the major staple, and a variety of sticky rice ‘anadi rice’ (locally known as andik) is traditionally grown by the Tharu communities. Fishes, crabs, snails, mussels, etc. from the rivers and water bodies are central to the Tharu food culture.